The documentation and inventory of the Architectural Heritage of the oasis constitutes another major line of Terrachidia's work in Morocco. Plans are drawn up, including photographs and stratigraphic studies. This documentation is essential for subsequent interventions.
Heritage documentation, in addition to being a useful tool for better understanding the subject at hand and facilitating intervention on it, is an effective learning method for workshop participants, who assess the monument in person. Given the evolution of the oasis in recent years and the unstoppable disappearance of its heritage, it is very important to document it before it's too late.
The documentation generated in the workshops was published in the guide Landscape and Cultural Heritage of the M'Hamid Oasis, for the purpose of disseminating information about the heritage of the oasis, not only to western societies, but also to the local population. In this way, they will gain a clearer understanding of the richness of the heritage and culture of their habitat, as well as the developmental potential inherent to it.
Heritage is of vital importance to the preservation of a society's identity.
Distribution of the ethnic groups in the ksar Bounou
Guide about the Landscape and Cultural Heritage of the M'Hamid oasis
Construction phases of the ancient mosque in the ksar M'Hamid El Ghozlane
Stratigraphic analysis of the mosque in M'Hamid El Ghozlane
Among the activities developed by the Association during these years, we have also collaborated with the architects Susana Osés and Xavier Villasevil for the research project they conducted thanks to its funding by the Universitat de Girona.
Its aim was to raise awareness of the benefits of using earth as building material, contributing at the same time to the restoration of the built heritage of the oasis, and it was focused on how to improve its performance, especially when used for rendering, which is a key factor for the buildings durability and to reduce the maintenance that requires periodically.
This research was conducted on site and in parallel at the laboratory to understand not only local earth, but also its performance when mixed with natural and local stabilizers or additives. They studied the viability of incorporating different solutions to the restoration of local heritage.
The involvement of the different agents during the whole process was one of the main guidelines, passing on the research results both through theory and practice to get them tested by not only the participants of the workshops, but also by local teams of builders.
Xavier Villasevil and Susana Oses together with two local builders
Tests to improve plasters in Talha